• The Timeline: Twelfth Century


    YEAR
    MONARCH
    POLITICAL EVENTS CONFLICTS
    SOCIAL HISTORY AND EPIDEMICS
    INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES
    NOTABLE EVENTS
    1100 Henry I

    5th August
    William Rufus killed while hunting Building of Durham Cathedral commenced
    1105



    Ronando Bandinelli born (becomes Pope Alexander II)
    1119

    Foundation of the Knights Templar
    Pope Calixtus II
    1122



    Pope Calixtus II - Concordant of Worms
    1123 David I becomes King of Scotland
    St Bartholomew's Hospital, London founded by Rahere

    1129

    Cistercians (Order of St. Bernard) arrive from Cheaux France

    1135 Stephen of Blois

    25th December




    1141 Matilda (Maud) Civil War


    1147
    Second Crusade


    1150



    Pope Alexander II named as cardinal
    1154 Plantagenet

    Henry II

    19th December




    1162

    Thomas Becket appointed Archbishop of Canterbury
    Fredrick I forced into exile by Pope Alexander II
    1163



    Building of Notre Dame in Paris begins
    1164
    Constitution of Clarendon


    1166

    Assize (possessory) of Clarendon

    1170 Henry the Young King Crowned by Archbishop of York


    1172

    Thomas Becket murdered at Canterbury Cathedral

    1176

    Assize (possessory) of Northampton

    1179



    Third Laterin Council by Pope Alexander III
    1189 Richard I

    3rd September
    Third Crusade


    1199 John

    27th May