• The Timeline: Sixteenth Century


    YEAR
    MONARCH
    POLITICAL EVENTS AND CONFLICTS
    SOCIAL HISTORY AND EPIDEMICS
    INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES
    NOTABLE EVENTS
    1502



    Death of Prince Arthur, heir to the throne
    1503



    Death of Elizabeth of York, Henry's wife
    1509 Henry VIII

    22nd April
    Marriage of Henry and Catherine of Aragon


    1513
    Battle of Flodden Field


    1515
    Birth of Mary I


    1529
    Cardinal Wolsey accused of high treason


    1532
    Sir Thomas More gives up the Chancellorship


    1533
    Henry marries Ann Boleyn and is excommunicated by the Pope

    Birth of Elizabeth I
    1534
    Act of Supremacy passed


    1536
    Execution of Anne Boleyn

    Act of Union between Wales and England
    1537
    Jane Seymour dies


    1538



    Parish Registers started
    1543

    Robert Record writes "The Ground of Arts", the first ever English mathematics textbook
    Six Books of Copernicus: The Revolutions (laws) of the Heavenly Orbs published in the year of his death
    1546

    First civil divorce in England

    1547 Edward VI

    28th January




    1549
    First Act of Uniformity passed, making Roman Catholic mass illegal

    The First Book of Common Prayer issued
    1553 Jane

    6th July

    Mary I

    19th July




    1554
    Marriage of Mary to Philip of Spain 25 July

    Execution of Lady Jane Grey
    1557

    The Stationers Company controls English book publication

    1558 Elizabeth I

    17th November




    1559
    Second Act of Supremacy


    1562

    Sumptuary law restricts hose, ruffs and swords

    1563 to 1564

    Bubonic plague in London

    1564

    William Shakespeare baptised 26th April in Statford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire
    Galileo born
    1568
    Mary Queen of Scots flees to England and is imprisoned by Elizabeth


    1577


    Francis Drake circumnavigates the world to 1580
    1585



    Roanoke (North America), the first English colony, was founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
    1586
    Mary Queen of Scots sent for trial Famine in England gave rise to the Poor Law system

    1587
    Execution of Mary Queen of Scots


    1588
    Spanish Armada


    1589

    William Byrd Elizabethan Composer creates "Cantione Sacrae" Stocking Frame invented by William Lee
    1590

    First part of Edmund Spenser's "The Fairie Queen" published

    1597


    Tagliacozzi publishes his plastic surgery techiques
    1598



    Bishops' Transcripts introduced
    1599

    Richard Burbage, William Shakespeare and others build the Globe Theatre in London