• The Timeline: Eleventh Century



    YEAR
    MONARCH
    POLITICAL EVENTS AND CONFLICTS
    SOCIAL HISTORY AND EPIDEMICS
    INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES
    NOTABLE EVENTS
    1000 Sweyn The Mark unit of currency West Saxon, Mercian and Danish Law governs England

    1002

    Ethelred's massacre of the Danes

    1014 Ethelred II The Unready



    1016



    The Danish Viking Canute (Cnut) son of Sweyn has victory at Ashington
    1031



    Canute's Scotland campaigns
    1042 Edward The Confessor Edward's Court of Normandy French & Latin courtly languages

    1050

    Westminster Abbey founded, building began

    1065 Harold II the last Saxon Edward dies 5th January
    Witan declares Harold king on 6th January



    1066 William I of Normandy The Conqueror

    25th December
    Battle of Hastings Bayeux Tapestry attributed to Matilda of Flanders, William I's wife or to Bishop Odo
    The Norman Conquest
    1072

    Building of Durham Castle commenced

    1075
    Uprisings of Hereford, Norfolk and Northumberland quashed


    1077

    First Cluniac House at Lewes (Benedictine Order)

    1079

    Building of Winchester Cathedral commenced

    1083

    Ely Cathedral commenced on former nunnery site

    1086
    Domesday book completed

    Henry, Holy Roman Emperor & German King born (last Salian dynasty)
    1087 William II

    26th September

    Introduction of Feudalism
    Normanization of England
    1093
    Greatest scholar is Anselm of Beck


    1095
    First Crusade


    1096
    William Rufus embarks on First Crusade


    1097



    Stephen born Blois France
    1099



    Ranierus becomes Pope Paschal II - fosters the First Crusade