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  • Berkhamsted

    Click image for larger versionName:	Berkhamsted_town_hall crest.jpgViews:	1Size:	15.4 KBID:	1276861Click image for larger version  Name:	Grand Union Canal_from_Crystal_palace.jpg Views:	1 Size:	12.5 KB ID:	1276862​​Berkhamsted is a historic market town in west Hertfordshire. The name of the town has been spelt in a variety of ways, including Berkhampstead, Muche Barkhamstede, Berkhamsted Magna, Great Berkhamsted and Berkhamstead.

    Berkhamsted Castle is rich in history - it was there in 1066 that Duke William of Normandy was offered the crown of England. The remains of the castle can be seen from the railway as you pass through on the main line to London Euston. Much of the original flint work was reused as building materials for the town and nearby Berkhamsted Place, demolished in the 1960s, but the impressive earthworks and two of the original three moats remains, the outer making way for the railway line.

    Situated on the Grand Union Canal (pictured right), Berkhamsted is hilly, the main through road running through the valley and the town built upon either side. With very little in the way of industry, many Berkhamsted residents now commute to other towns to work.

    Click image for larger versionName:	Plaque depecting hub of transport.jpgViews:	1Size:	22.4 KBID:	1276864Click image for larger version  Name:	St_Peters_Church_Berkhamsted.jpg Views:	1 Size:	44.7 KB ID:	1276863​The Canal and Riverside Partnership, funded jointly between British Waterways, Berkhamstead Town Council and Davorum Borough Council, has been set up to promote the heritage and amenities of the Grand Union Canal.

    As an aid to understanding the history of the area zinc plated panels mounted on stone plinths have been installed at various points along the canal. See example left.

    As well as being of architectural importance, the church is one of the oldest surviving buildings in Berkhamsted. The majority of the external stone work dates from restoration projects undertaken in the 19th century. Some original 13th century windows have survived but the majority date from the 14th century. The churchyard was closed in the 19th century.

    In years gone by, Berkhamsted was the Home to Coopers (Cooper McDougal & Roberton) which was a company that manufactured aerosol sprays. Coopers had its own print works as well as manufacturing plant and research laboratories and was the main form of employment, other than shop work. In a series of buy outs, firstly by The Welcome Foundation and eventually Glaxo-Smith Kline the manufacturing was moved away from the town, leaving a whole generation of men and women, who had worked all their lives for the company, redundant. A very sad day indeed.

    Berkhamsted has one thriving upper school, Ashlyns, two middle schools and a series of lower schools, along with The Berkhamsted Collegiate School (formerly Berkhamsted School for Boys and Berkhamsted School for girls, now combined). Ashlyns, the upper school, was formerly the home to The Foundling Hospital, founded by Thomas Coram.

    Other old and notable building in Berkhamsted include The Town Hall, Built in 1859 and designed by Edward Buckton Lamb, Dean Incents House, and the Court House, adjacent to the parish Church of St Peter.

    Click image for larger version  Name:	Crown Public House.jpg Views:	1 Size:	8.0 KB ID:	1276858 Click image for larger version  Name:	Dickmans Chemist.jpg Views:	1 Size:	9.5 KB ID:	1276859 Click image for larger version  Name:	Civic Centre.jpg Views:	1 Size:	7.8 KB ID:	1276856 Click image for larger version  Name:	Court_house.jpg Views:	1 Size:	21.6 KB ID:	1276857 Click image for larger version  Name:	Rex Cinema.jpg Views:	1 Size:	7.9 KB ID:	1276860
    Crown Public House Dickman's Chemist Civic Centre Court House Rex Cinema



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