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Big Book - T


  • Big Book - T

    • Tabernarius Tavern or innkeeper - from the Latin
    • Tabler Boarding House keeper
    • Tackler Overlooker of weaving shed workers
    • Taker Off / In Unhitched coal tubs from an endless rope system - usually children
    • Tallow Chandler Candle maker/seller
    • Tally Clerk As today, tallied goods into and out of warehouses, ships etc.
    • Tallyman / Tally Fellow 1) Sold goods on instalment plan. 2) Local official who tallied the allowed number of persons in a dwelling for health reasons - usually 3 adults and four children
    • Tan Bark Stripper Collected tree bark used for tanning leather
    • Tanner Tanned (cured) animal hides for leather making. Still used.
    • Tanner's Beamsman Draped part-cured skins over a Tanners Beam, a flat slab of wood or stone, to scrape off the remaining flesh, fat and hair
    • Taper Weaver Made candle wicks
    • Tapiter / Tapicer Weaver of worsted cloth
    • Tapley Put the taps in ale casks
    • Tapster Barman / woman
    • Tar Boy Applied tar (antiseptic) to sheep when nicked by shearers
    • Tasker Reaper
    • Tasseler Made tassels for furnishings
    • Taverner Innkeeper
    • Tawer / Tawyer Made white leather
    • Teamster / Teamer / Teamer Man Driver of a team horses used for hauling test. (abbreviation)
    • Teemer 1) Emptied grain brought by cart 2) Poured molten steel into moulds
    • Teerer/Tierer/Tier Boy Spread a fresh surface of colour on the printer's 'pad' each time he used it to print calico
    • Tenter / Tenterer 1) Someone who, after cloth was dyed, stretched it on a frame, called a "Tent" for drying. This frame was fitted with hooks known as '"Tenterhooks"' - about which we all know! 2) The term was also used for a person who looked after or watched something. .i.e. Tip tenter - person inspecting finished shuttle tips after manufacture. (Tenter - from Tender, to tend)
    • Terrier A form of Register of Land belonging to an estate etc..
    • Testate died leaving a valid will.
    • Testator man who writes a valid will.
    • Testatrix woman who writes a valid will.
    • Testis a witness
    • Textor Weaver
    • Thacker / Thatcher Roof thatcher, using straw or, more usually, reeds
    • Thanage rank of, or land granted to, a thane.
    • Thane(1) one holding land from the king or crown,by virtue of military service.Ranking between ordinary freemen and hereditary nobles.(2) servant or soldier
    • Theemaker Shoemaker
    • Thegn (see thane)
    • Thirdborough Under-constable
    • Thresher Separated chaff from grain
    • Throstle Spinner Attended a spinning machine known as a Throstle, due to the noise it made, which resembled a lark, or throstle. The machine was used for the continuous spinning of cotton (or wool) simultaneously onto long rows of, perhaps 300 or 400, pirns or bobbins.
    • Throwster / Thrower Textile worker attending machine which twisted together strands of fibre into yarn - cotton, silk, wool etc.
    • Tickneyman / woman Travelling earthenware seller
    • Tide Gauger / Surveyor Monitored the state of the tides
    • Tide Waiter / Tidesman Customs inspector who boarded ship on arrival to enforce customs regulations
    • Tiger Liveried pageboy / groom
    • Tiler Worked with roof and floor tiles
    • Tiller Farmer
    • Tillman Ploughman
    • Timekeeper A person responsible for making sure things happened on time e.g. worker arriving or departing, trains, coaches, omnibuses, etc.
    • Times Ironer Servant who literally ironed The Times newspaper
    • Timoneer A ship's helmsman (from French, timonier)
    • Tinctor Dyer
    • Tinker An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
    • Tinner 1) Tin miner 2) Tinsmith
    • Tinsmith Worked with tin
    • Tinter / Teinter Artists who tinted photographs before colour was available
    • TNA The National Archives
    • Tipper Tipped arrows etc. with metal
    • Tippler Alehouse keeper - It was also the name for an outside "toilet" (hole in the ground)
    • Tipstaff 1) Court official 2) Policeman
    • Tirewoman 1) Female dresser - esp. theatrical 2) Milliner 3) Hairdresser
    • Tithable a person taxable by law.
    • Tithe in English law, the tenth part of one's annual increase paid to support noblemen and clergy; amount of annual poll tax.
    • Tixtor Weaver
    • Tort breach, a wrong (legal)
    • Tobacco Spinner Made cigars
    • Todhunter Employed by the parish to hunt foxes
    • Toe Rag Worked in the docks as a corn porter
    • Toilinet Maker / Knotter Made "toilinet" - a kind of quilting - The knotter made the knots at the edges
    • Toller / Tollie / Tollman / Tollgate Keeper Collected road tolls at a Toll Gate/House
    • Tonsor Barber - from Latin
    • Tool Helver Tool handle maker
    • Topman Seaman - worked in the "tops" (aloft) on sailing ships
    • Top Sawyer Upper man in a sawpit - using a long two-man saw
    • Topsman Head cattle drover
    • Tosher Scratched a living by scavenging the Victorian sewers
    • Touch holer Worked in gun making
    • Tow Card Maker Made "tow cards" used in weaving mills
    • Town Chamberlain Looked after a town's affairs
    • Town Crier "Cried" public announcements and used a bell to get attention
    • Town Husband Collected dues from fathers of illegitimate children of the parish for their upkeep
    • Townsman Commercial traveller
    • Townswaiter Customs man
    • Tozer Worked in the mills "tosing" (teasing) the cloth
    • Trace Maker/Tracer Worked in a draughting office, copying engineering diagrams, using tracing paper. In the days before photocopying, plans and diagrams for mining and manufacturing industries were copied by hand. It required accuracy, patience and a knack for using the pen without producing ink blots
    • Trammer Young mineworker
    • Trampler Lawyer
    • Tranqueter Made barrel hoops
    • Tranter Peddler, often hiring himself out with his horse and cart
    • Trapper Opened and shut doors for miners
    • Traveller 1) A Gypsy 2) Travelling salesman
    • Travers Toll bridge collector
    • Treen Maker Made wooden domestic goods
    • Treenail Maker Made "treenails" - long wooden pins used in shipbuilding
    • Trencher Maker Made wooden "trenchers" - platters for serving or cutting food
    • Trencherman Cook
    • Trimmer 1) Ship's crewman who trimmed coal in ship's bunkers 2) Dockworker who trimmed grain or bulk cargo in ship's hold to spread it out evenly
    • Troacher Peddler
    • Troner Official weigher in markets
    • Trouchman / Truchman Interpreter
    • Trover Smuggler
    • Truchman Interpreter
    • Trugger / Trug maker Made "trugs" - shallow baskets
    • Trusser Hay baler - made up hay trusses
    • Tubber Made tubs and barrels - a cooper
    • Tubedrawer Made tubes
    • Tubman 1) English barrister 2) Court official 3) Filled tubs in a coalmine
    • Tucker Cleaned cloth goods
    • Tucker-in Chambermaid who tucked in the bed-clothing
    • Turner 1) Lathe worker 2) Gymnast esp. street performers
    • Turnkey Jailer
    • Turning Boy Weaver's assistant - turned the loom bar
    • Turnpike Keeper Collected road tolls
    • Turnspit Boy who turned the spit handle, roasting meat. (Medieval)
    • Tweeny / Tweenie Maid employed "between the stairs" assisting cook and housemaids
    • Twiller Produced a raised diagonal rib appearance in fabric
    • Twist Hand Used a lace-making machine
    • Twister / Twisterer Worked a machine twisting the yarns or threads Ring Frame Twister
    • Tyresmith Blacksmith who specilised in making the iron bands (tyres) around wooden cart wheels before the introduction of rubber, later pneumatic tyres.
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