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Big Book - R


  • Big Book - R

    • Rack Maiden Girl employed dressing ore in the Cornwall tin mines
    • Raff Merchant Sold fibre used to make raffia bags etc.
    • Raffman Dealer in "raff" - saleable rubbish
    • Rag Cutter Cut rags into small pieces for papermaking
    • Rag Gatherers Cleared rags from mill machinery - usually children
    • Rag Man / Rag and Bone Man Toured the streets in his cart collecting rags and any old useable discarded items
    • Rag Picker Sorted useable items from rag collection
    • Rag-stabber Tailor (slang) mid 19c - also Stab-rag (military slang)
    • Raker Street cleaner
    • Ratoner Rat Catcher
    • Rattlewatch Town watchman
    • R.C. (abbreviation) Roman Catholic.
    • Reacher for Drawing Specific occupation in the cotton/silk weaving mills. Each thread has to be Drawn through the Eye on a Heald, ready for the loom and then separately picked out from the Beam of warp threads by the Reache
    • Real property/estate land and anything attached to it, such as houses, building, barns, growing timber, growing crops, etc.
    • Rec'd (abbreviation) received.
    • Receiver person appointed by court to hold property until a suit is settled.
    • Reconveyance property sold to another person is transferred back to the original owner
    • Rectifier Distilled alcohol
    • Redar Interpreted dreams
    • Reddleman Sold the dye used by farmers to mark their sheep
    • Redsmith Goldsmith
    • Reeder Used reeds for thatching and hedging
    • Reedmaker 1) Made weaving reeds - a reed is a comb-like device for 'beating' the weft thread into place as it is passed by the shuttle, the warp threads passing between the teeth of the reed 2) Made reeds or pipes for musical instruments 3) Made reed cloth 4) Made tapestry combs
    • Reed & Heald Maker Also Reed Maker (above). Made equipment for the separation of the weft thread on cloth-weaving looms.
    • Reeler Operated machinery winding yarn onto bobbins
    • Reeve churchwarden; early name for sheriff in England. Manorial supervisor of villeins. Minor local official.
    • Reever Shriever; Sherriff
    • Regarder Surveyed woodland, hedges and fences
    • Reg. (abbreviation) register.
    • Registrar As today - registered events; land purchases, births, deaths etc.
    • Relicta widow.
    • Relictus widower.
    • Relict widow.
    • Relieving Officer Official of the Poor Law Union to whom the poor or retarded persons in the parish could apply for poor relief
    • Researcher id card All researchers using original records at the National Archives or National Archives regional centres must get a researcher ID card. If you just plan to use microfilmed records, you do not need to get an ID card. To get an ID card you will be asked to fill out an application. You should bring photo identification, such as a driver's license, school identification card, or passport on your first visit to the archives. Researcher ID cards are free of charge and are valid for two years. The ID card must be presented at each visit.
    • Resurrection Man Apart from using the bodies of hanged criminals, dissection was illegal, so 17c. British doctors took to breaking the law. 'Resurrection men' would look for recent burials, dig up the corpse and sell it to a doctor. At £3 a body, you could make a decent living out of the practice. Resurrection men became so unpopular that they ran the risk of being torn to pieces if caught by a mob.
    • Ret. (abbreviation) retired.
    • Revenuer Tax collector
    • Rev (abbrev) Reverend
    • Rickmaster Captain of Horse
    • Riddler Wool stapler
    • Riding Officer Employed by the Revenue to patrol 4-10 miles of coastline to detect smugglers. Paid no more than a farmer's labourer and hated, so dangerous. 18th century.
    • Riftere Reaper
    • Rigger Hoist tackle worker - esp. running and dismantling rigging of ships
    • Ring Spinner Operated a Ring Spinning Machine - Ring spinning was/is a method for the continuous spinning of cotton.
    • Ripper / Rippier Seller of fish
    • Riverman Worked riverboats
    • RO Records Office
    • Roadman 1) Worked on building and or maintaining roads - often had a stretch of road which he was responsible for filling in potholes etc. - usually a mile 2) A tramp or vagrant was also often referred to as a Roadman
    • Rockgetter Rock salt miner
    • Rockman Worked in the quarries, usually placing charges
    • Rodman / Poleman Surveyor's assistant - held the rod for the surveyor's theodolite observation
    • Roll Turner Carded yarn into rolls prior to spinning
    • Roller Coverer Covered the rollers in spinning
    • Rolleyway Man Maintained the mine's underground roadways
    • Roman Cementer / Plasterer Used "Roman Cement" - used in stuccoing
    • Roper 1) Made rope or nets 2) Cotton spinning operative
    • Rover 1) Archer 2) Loaded cotton yarn onto bobbins, giving the yarn a twist, (Roving) after the Carding and Combing processes.
    • Rubbisher / Rubbler Sorted small stones in the quarries
    • Rugman Dealer in rugs
    • Rule Maker Made and calibrated rulers (for measurement)
    • Rully Man A Cart man - equivalent to today's lorry or truck driver
    • Runner 1) Runner or messenger for the magistrates -Bow Street Runner 2) Smuggler
    • Rustica country girl
    • Rusticus country boy
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